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使用计算机必懂的53个英文单词和缩写

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使用计算机必懂的53个英文单词和缩写

Post by cyjian on July 1st 2015, 21:21

PC:个人计算机Personal Computer

  ·CPU:中央处理器Central Processing Unit

  ·CPU Fan:中央处理器的“散热器”(Fan)

  ·MB:主机板MotherBoard

  ·RAM:内存Random Access Memory,以PC-代号划分规格,如PC-133,PC-1066,PC-2700

  ·HDD:硬盘Hard Disk Drive

  ·FDD:软盘Floopy Disk Drive

  ·CD-ROM:光驱Compact Disk Read Only Memory

  ·DVD-ROM:DVD光驱Digital Versatile Disk Read Only Memory

  ·CD-RW:刻录机Compact Disk ReWriter

  ·VGA:显示卡(显示卡正式用语应为Display Card)

  ·AUD:声卡(声卡正式用语应为Sound Card)

  ·LAN:网卡(网卡正式用语应为Network Card)

  ·MODM:数据卡或调制解调器Modem

  ·HUB:集线器

  ·WebCam:网络摄影机

  ·Capture:影音采集卡

  ·Case:机箱

  ·Power:电源

  ·Moniter:屏幕,CRT为显像管屏幕,LCD为液晶屏幕

  ·USB:通用串行总线Universal Serial Bus,用来连接外围装置

  ·IEEE1394:新的高速序列总线规格Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

  ·Mouse:鼠标,常见接口规格为PS/2与USB

  ·KB:键盘,常见接口规格为PS/2与USB

  ·Speaker:喇叭

  ·Printer:打印机

  ·Scanner:扫描仪

  ·UPS:不断电系统

  ·IDE:指IDE接口规格Integrated Device

  Electronics,IDE接口装置泛指采用IDE接口的各种设备

  ·SCSI:指SCSI接口规格Small Computer System

  Interface,SCSI接口装置泛指采用SCSI接口的各种设备

  ·GHz:(中央处理器运算速度达)Gega赫兹/每秒

  ·FSB:指“前端总线(Front Side Bus)”频率,以MHz为单位

  ·ATA:指硬盘传输速率AT

  Attachment,ATA-133表示传输速率为133MB/sec

  ·AGP:显示总线Accelerated Graphics

  Port,以2X,4X,8X表示传输频宽模式

  ·PCI:外围装置连接端口Peripheral Component Interconnect

  ·ATX:指目前电源供应器的规格,也指主机板标准大小尺寸

  ·BIOS:硬件(输入/输出)基本设置程序Basic Input Output System

  ·CMOS:储存BIOS基本设置数据的记忆芯片Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor

  ·POST:开机检测Power On Self Test

  ·OS:操作系统Operating System

  ·Windows:窗口操作系统,图形接口

  ·DOS:早期文字指令接口的操作系统

  ·fdisk:“规划硬盘扇区”-DOS指令之一

  ·format:“硬盘扇区格式化”-DOS指令之一

  ·setup.exe:“执行安装程序”-DOS指令之一

  ·Socket:插槽,如CPU插槽种类有SocketA,Socket478等等

  ·Pin:针脚,如ATA133硬盘排线是80Pin,如PC2700内存模块是168Pin

  ·Jumper:跳线(短路端子)

  ·bit:位(0与1这两种电路状态), 计算机数据最基本的单位

  ·Byte:字节,等于8 bit(八个位的组合,共有256种电路状态),计算机一个文字以8 bit来表示

  ·KB:等于1024 Byte

  ·MB:等于1024 KB

  ·GB:等于1024 MB

cyjian
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